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What are Sustainable Development Goals?
1 January, 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.

The SDGs build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to go further to end all forms of poverty. The new Goals are unique in that they call for action by all countries, poor, rich and middle-income to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and addresses a range of social needs including education, health, social protection, and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection.

While the SDGs are not legally binding, governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals. Countries have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review of the progress made in implementing the Goals, which will require quality, accessible and timely data collection. Regional follow-up and review will be based on national-level analyses and contribute to follow-up and review at the global level.

At the global level, the 17 SDGs with 169 targets will be monitored using a set of global indicators that are currently being developed and will be agreed by the Statistical Commission at its 47th Session in March 2016. For more information on SDGs visit : http://unchronicle.un.org/issue/beyond-2015/

Here are some explainer videos on each SDG :

Goal 1 : End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2 : End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3 : Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4 : Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5 : Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6 : Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7 : Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all Goal

8 : Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Goal

9 : Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Goal 10 : Reduce inequality within and among countries

Goal 11 : Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12 : Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13 : Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14 : Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15 : Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16 : Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17 : Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development